An important agricultural and industrial center of the plain of Ravenna, Alfonsine (literally "the land of Alfonso") owes its foundation to the family Calcagnini that, in 1465, received from Borso d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, the lands right of the Po Primario , with Filo and Longastrino. Teofilo Calcagnini before, and his son Alfonso, later, started a massive and systematic reclamation of wetlands, marshes that are still visible only in the Natural Reserve, part of the Delta Regional Park of the River Po.
With the abolition of feudal rights, Alfonsine became independent in 1814, while during the Second World War it was badly damaged by bombing.
Sites of Interest:
- the Museum of the Battle of the Senio, in Piazza della Resistenza, in which is documented through pictures, photos and video, the phases of the bloody battle of April 10, 1945;
- the home and birthplace of the poet Vincenzo Monti, one of the greatest exponents of Neoclassicism in Italy. It features pieces of antique furniture, paintings, memorabilia and some original editions of the works of the poet;
- the Church of St. Mary, with its magnificent stained glass windows in the apse and ceramics from Faenza of the artist Gaetano Dalmonte and a painting of Anacleto Margotti, depicting the Baptism of Jesus, , donated by a former U.S. aviator, who took part in the bombing of Alfonsine, as a sign of reconciliation;
- the XVIII century Oratory of San Vincenzo Ferreri, which houses a painting attributed to the Art school of the Longhi.