Located at the mouth of the valley of Scaleres, Varna (Vahrn in German) is a town in the province of Bolzano, on the outskirts of Bressanone, immersed in a landscape of orchards and vineyards. First mentioned in a document dating back to the early XI century, in later centuries was embellished with noble residences built by aristocrats and high officials of the Prince-Bishop of Brixen. Following the inauguration of the Brenner railway, Varna became a popular tourist destination, especially among vacationers from Munich and Vienna.
Sites of Interest:
- the remains of Salern Castle, built by Bishop Bruno in the XIII century;
- the Augustinian Abbey of Novacella, founded by Blessed Artmanno in 1142, with the help of the burgrave Säben Reginbert and his wife Cristina. Rebuilt and enlarged several times over the centuries, it has always been a resting place for pilgrims on their way to Rome and the Holy Land, after crossing the Alps. Suppressed after the edict of Napoleon in 1807, in 1816 the Emperor Francis I of Austria by an edict restored the functionality of the abbey, recognizing it its rights and privileges. The complex consists of several buildings: the abbey, the library, the Way of the Cross Gothic, the Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta, the Fountain of the Eight Wonders and the Castle of the Angel (St. Michael's Chapel);
- the Parish Church of St. George, mentioned for the first time in 1325, underwent a Baroque reconstruction in the second half of the XVIII century, while of the late-Gothic building remain only the bell tower to tip and the sacristy;
- the Parish Church of St. Wolfgang, in Gothic style, dating back to 1436, contains a Baroque altarpiece donated by the Abbey of Neustift, once depicting St. Augustine but a skilled painter, changed the main character into St. Wolfgang;
- the Lake of Varna, whose north side proposes bathing possibilities, the south one is covered by a thick bed of reeds;
- the artificial lake for sport fishing;
- the Earth Pyramids, located north of Novacella;
- the Kneipp facilities, in which the therapeutic properties of hydrotherapy are exploited to facilitate blood circulation in the legs.