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you are here: Home Campania Caserta Surroundings Galluccio

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Galluccio

Description

For some historians the town's name derives from the Latin name "Gallus" (probably in memory of Trebonius Gallo, who was head of a Roman colony), while for others it comes from the Germanic root "Wal" (fire, for the presence of volcanoes). Municipality in the province of Caserta, located on the Western slope of the non-active volcano Roccamonfina, in the plain of the river Garigliano, the small centre of Galluccio includes not only the main town developed around the fortress, but also several clusters of houses scattered in the plain. The soils of the area, made particularly fertile and rich in mineral thanks to the traces of lava, produce extremely high quality wines such as Aglianico and Falanghina.
Traces evidence that the area, surrounding Galluccio, have been inhabited since the Paleolithic Ages. The first settlement is attributed to the Aurunca (an ancient Italic population), subsequently defeated by the Romans who colonized the area. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the territories were easy prey of the Saracens. In the X century, the Princes of Capua freed the lands from the invaders and built a fortress on a hill: their descendants took the name of Galluccio and ruled until 1480. In 1504 the fief was granted to Consalvo of Cordova. Later ceded to the Countess Spinelli, it remained her property until, in 1598, when the fief was granted to the Carafa and later to the Velluti. In the first half of the XVIII century, Galluccio was the scenario of the clashes between the Austrian troops and the Spanish troops led by King Charles III of Bourbon.

Attractions:
- the Collegiate Church of St. Stephen, built in the XVII century, features a beautiful coffered ceiling with a XVII century painting of the artist Cestari. The building is flanked by a previously built Bell Tower, which is divided into four floors, each bordered by a frame that follows the perimeter of the building. Each floor is interrupted by lancet windows and the building is topped by a pyramidal spire;
- the church of Santa Maria de Triomphe, located in the district of Sipicciano, features a simple façade, a central nave and two side chapels and a Bell Tower with a singular structure: half of the base is square and the other half is cylindrical, topped by a spire. Inside is preserved a valuable XXI century altarpiece;
- the Church of the Annunziata of Early Christian origins, features a single nave plan;
- the Church of San Nicola, which features two separate main structures;
- the Church of San Bartolomeo.

Map

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