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Ravenna

Description

City of art and culture and known Worldwide as the home of mosaics. City of incomparable charm and with a glorious past which had it, for three times, as the capital of the Roman Empire of the Occident, of the Roman-Barbaric reign of Teodorico and the Empire of Bisanzio in Europe. Eight important monumental sites have recently, in 1996, declared by the UNESCO as part of the "World Heritage List": the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, the Battistero Neoniano (both of the first half of the IV century); the Archbishop's Chapel (around year 500); the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo (early IV century), the Mausoleum of Teodorico (year 520), the Battistero of the Ariani, the Basilica of San Vitale and the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe (all three of the first half of the VI century).

In Ravenna the rests of the important poet Dante Alighieri are buried, who died here during the night between September 13th and 14th 1321. The temple, built in his honour, in 1780 in a Neoclassic style, was edified by the architect Camillo Morigia, on commission of the Cardinal Legato Valenti Gonzaga and whose emblem is impressed in the entrance door of the building.

The Cathedral of Ravenna was built in the XVIII century, based on the designs of the architect of Rimini, Gianfrancesco Buonamici on the ruins of the Basilica Ursina, built in the early years of the V century on commission of the Bishop Urso. The old building was really large, 5 sections between the nave and the aisles, but it was demolished due to its bad construction conditions, to give space to the actual Cathedral, with only 3 sections and a dom at the center of the cross intersection and two connecting side chapels where the Early Christian tombs of the Bishop Rinaldo da Concoreggio and of San Barbaziano are kept.

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