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San Ginesio


Municipality in the province of Macerata, located on a large hill on the left of Fiastrella, San Ginesio is divided from the sea by a large and varied landscape, characterized by a kind of medieval structure with fortified walls that go back to the XIII century style, interspersed with eight doorways still in excellent condition. It is called "Balcony of the Sibillini", due to its dominant location, from where it is possible to enjoy a splendid view of the nearby mountain chain, entitled with the same name.
The area was inhabited by the Italic Piceni population since ancient times and was later conquered by the Romans. Several artifacts found, including Greek and Celtic exhibits, evidence that San Ginesio was founded around the VI century on the remains of a Roman settlement, destroyed by the Goths and Lombards, who invaded these lands after the fall of the Empire. The creation of fortifications became necessary to protect themselves from enemy attack. It was proclaimed municipality in the XIII and proudly defended itself from the attacks of the Lords of Brunforte and the troops of the city of Fermo, obtaining a remarkable political and military power. Unfortunately the town also knew dark times, aggravated by internal dissension. It was long disputed between the noble families: Visconti, da Varano and Sforza, while subsequently it was submitted to the Papal States.

- the Church of San Francesco, which was built in the XI century. Of the original structure it preserves the apse and the Gothic-Romanesque portal. The XVIII century interiors are embellished with frescoes dating from the XIV and XV centuries;
- the XI century Collegiate Church, which features a Romanesque style façade with Gothic elements at the top and is the result of refurbishments over the centuries. A three nave plan with several side chapels and a crypt, where it is possible to admire frescoes of the XIV century frescoes;
- the former Church of San Sebastiano, dating from the XIV century, seat of an Art Gallery that collects a series of Roman sculptures and inscriptions and several other important artifacts and paintings;
- the former Augustinian Monastery of the XVII century, is characterized by a large cloister arcade. Today it houses the Town Library;
- the Church of St. Augustine, dating from the XIII century, although renovated, still maintains its Romanesque-Gothic style;
- the fortified Walls, built during the period between the XIV and XV centuries, to re-enforce those erected in the XIII century and are characterized by the presence of towers and bastions;
- the XIV century Porta Picena, the main entrance to the medieval centre;
- the Pilgrims' Hospital, which was built in the late XIII century and features a portico with arches and a XV century loggia.


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