Bovino is a typical hill village, situated in the Dauno Appennino mountains, on the border of the province of Foggia, to whom it officially belongs and the province of Avellino. The district is covered by woods and the local economy is based on agriculture.
A sad point is that the average age of the population is getting old, like most of the small hillside centres, as the town has been deserted by the younger generations.
Bovino is rich of history, it was at first an osco-sannita settlement and later under the Roman dominion it was known with the name of Vibinum.
Polibio narrates that near Vibinum, on Mount Castro, in 217 a.C., Hannibal camped there with his army to prepare the assault of the city of Daunia. In 80 a.C., during the civil wars of the Empire, the army of Silla occupied and rebuilt the town centre. From the ruins it has been possible to traces the exact location of the Roman town with its temples and walls.
Rich of interest is its Middle Age history as it was ruled by the important Families of Lords such as the "Loretello" and the "De Guevara".
The most important monument is the Duke's Castle (Castello Ducale), a commanding positioned building, very well maintained with a private chapel inside, where a fragment of the "Crown of thorns of Christ" and other relics are stored.
Not to miss: the "Concattedrale Basilica", built in 1231, a typical example of the Romanesque style in Puglia with a series of Byzantine elements.